INDIANAPOLIS (WISH) — Health officials are reminding Hoosiers that although the warm weather is a nice break from the brutal winter we had, it’s important to be cautious when it comes to the extreme heat.
Medical professionals say that the dangerous combination of high temperatures and high humidity can be harmful to people’s health. They do say that heat illnesses and deaths are preventable.
Three things Hoosiers should remember to protect themselves from extreme heat: water, rest, and shade.
- Water: Drink plenty of water, even if you’re not thirsty. Avoid carbonated or alcoholic beverages.
- Rest: Take frequent breaks during outdoor activities, and try to avoid activities during the hottest part of the day.
- Shade: Stay indoors to try and limit exposure to the sun. Check on family, friends, and neighbors who do not have air conditioning and who spend much of their time alone.
Health officials say that some people are at greater risk than others, especially the elderly, very young children, and those with respiratory conditions.
The following are symptoms of heat stroke:
- Core body temperature above 105 degrees Fahrenheit — but fainting may be the first sign.
- Throbbing headache
- Dizziness and light-headedness
- Lack of sweating despite the heat
- Red, hot, and dry skin
- Muscle weakness or cramps
- Nausea and vomiting
- Rapid heartbeat, which may be either strong or weak
- Rapid, shallow breathing
- Behavioral changes such as confusion, disorientation, or staggering
For more information about what you should do if someone is suffering from heat stroke, and to find out more tips on how to beat the heat this summer click here.